BRIEF NOTES ON STATISTICS
Michael Wood ( http://woodm.myweb.port.ac.uk/† )
I wrote these notes several years ago. If I were writing them now I would revise Part 3 along the lines of these papers:
Simple Methods for Estimating Confidence Levels, or Tentative Probabilities, for Hypotheses Instead of P Values, Methological Innovations, 2019.
These notes are intended as a brief introduction to statistics as applied to management, education, science, etc. Iíve tried to include only concepts and methods which are useful or widely used (or both!), and focus on intuitive meanings rather than complicated formulae. (There is a more recent perspective here.)
††††††††† Ö and some more detail on the method of Least Squares Ė using the Excel Solver
††††††††† Ö and the randomization test (a resampling method using an Excel spreadsheet)
††††††††† Ö and a Video on SPSS
If you see any mistakes in these notes, or have any comments or suggestions for improvements, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I am grateful to several people who have given feedback; these include Michele Lundy, Reza Nemat and Smita Amin.